Germany officially called The Federal Republic of Germany. The official language of Germany is German (German Deutsch). The German education system has an excellent reputation all over the world. A significant number of foreigners come every year to study at German universities. There are more than 50,000+ schools all over the country. In addition, these schools are having a fabulous staff of teachers numbering more than 780,000. There are different levels of education in Germany which every student has to pass. The German government has also made it mandatory to have primary and secondary education for all its citizens. Let’s have a sight on the structure of the German Education System.
The German Education System comprises of three sectors:
- Elementary or Primary Sector
- Secondary Sector
- Tertiary Sector
1. Elementary or Primary Sector of Education in Germany
The Elementary education system is optional in Germany. Children having age more than three or four years may opt for Elementary Education. These children can attend nursery or kindergarten. The kindergarten schools are available in the mornings or for the whole day. In some places, they can also be available on the weekends too. Most of these organizations are owned by the government, although some private or church-run organizations are also there. These organizations vary on the fees usually which is based on the services provided by the schools. Mostly the government or church-run organizations are very lesser in fees. The private organizations possess a large number of fees as compared to the other.
2. Secondary Sector of Education in Germany
The primary education focuses on the vocational track and the basic general education. This sector prepares students for their secondary sector of education. The two most common school types in this track are the “Hauptschule” and the more popular “Realschule”.
- Hauptschule is a german word which is called as Head School. The Hauptschule was one of the three basic kinds of secondary schools present in the western parts of Germany. The Hauptschule has the Gymnasium which is complimentary for secondary education. The Gymnasium is basically a nine-year classical preparatory school. The Hauptschule program usually ends after grade 9 and concludes with the award of the “Zeugnis des Hauptschulabschlusses” (certificate of completion of Hauptschule).
- This Realschule is a six-year preparatory school for the higher business and technical or civil service. Programs offered at the Realschule are academically more demanding and last until grade 10. Students graduate with the “Zeugnis des Realschulabschlusses” (certificate of completion of Realschule), sometimes also called “Mittlere Reife” (intermediate maturity). This certificate gives access to a wider range of vocational programs and also allows for access to university-preparatory upper-secondary education.
3. Tertiary Sector of Education in Germany
Tertiary education can also be called as higher education. German higher education is offered at three types of Higher Education Institutions.
- Universities (Universitäten)
These institutions offer a whole range of academic disciplines. In the German tradition, universities focus in particular on basic research so that advanced stages of study have mainly theoretical orientation and research-oriented components.
- Universities of Applied Sciences (Fachhochschulen)
These institutions mainly focus on their study programs in engineering and other technical disciplines, business-related studies, social work, and design areas. The common mission of applied research and development implies a distinct application-oriented focus and professional character of studies, which include integrated and supervised work assignments in industry, enterprises or other relevant institutions.
- Universities of Art/Music (Kunst- und Musikhochschulen)
These institutions offer studies for artistic careers in fine arts, performing arts and music; in such fields as directing, production, writing in theatre, film, and other media; and in a variety of design areas, architecture, media, and communication.
Posted By, Shubham Sharma