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Education and Schooling in the USA

In often there are mandatory tests for K–12 public school systems, usually through a board of trustees, state colleges, and universities.

Private schools are generally free to determine their own curriculum with voluntary authorization, available through independent regional accreditation authorities, although some state regulation can apply. The bulk of the $1.3 trillion in funding comes from state and local governments, with federal funding accounts for only about $200 billion.

  1. Annual Budget (2016-2017): $1.3 trillion (7.2% of GDP) (public and private, all levels)
  2. Literacy rate male and female: 100%
  3. Attainment (secondary and post-diploma): 91% and 46%
  4. Primary Language: English

 

A GUIDE TO THE EDUCATION SYSTEM IN THE US

>>https://isss.umn.edu/publications/USEducation/2.pdf

Primary Education

In the United States of America, education for a student is compulsory, although this does not necessarily apply for pre-schools and the delineate varies from state to state.

Middle Education

Students of middle schooling follow that fills the years between primary school and secondary school. Again, the ordain varies from state to state.

Secondary Education

Students during secondary education run to 12th grade. The subject in sec. education becomes core with general emphasis. Students take their particular subject provided by school education i.e sciences (biology, chemistry, and physics), mathematics (including algebra, geometry, pre-calculus, and statistics), English language, social sciences, and physical education.

The American school system

  • Most children start school in kindergarten or first grade (at age 5 or 6) and complete school after 12th grade (at age 17 or 18).
  • Occasionally, a student must repeat a grade because of prolonged absence or poor grades, although this is rare.
  • The 12 years following kindergarten are usually organized under a ‘5-3-4 plan’ where grades 1 to 5 are elementary (primary) school.
  • Grades 6 to 8 are junior high or middle school and grades 9 to 12 are a high school.

Although in some states a child may legally leave school at 16 for the job prospects in the US without a high school diploma and the vast majority of students stay at high school until 18.

School hours and terms

  • The school starts in September and runs until May or June (nine months).
  • Most of the schools use the two-semester system: (September to December) and spring (January to May).
  • While there are some schools that follow the quarter system, which comprises three sessions. This may fall into September to December (Summer), January to March (Winter) and March to May or June(Spring).

The school day in elementary and high schools completed between 8 am to 3 pm. In high school, students take most of the 90-minute classes (with ten-minute breaks between classes).

Health

School children must have a strong immune system against a range of diseases before starting school. The range of diseases includes polio, DTP (diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis or whooping cough) and MMR (measles, mumps, and rubella or German measles). The evidence of the appropriate inoculations should be in English and it should include exact dates and it should be submitted in the school at the time admission. 

Published by: Antika

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