Education in USA for Indian Migrates:

For new born to 5 years :

Pre-School (also called Pre-K or PK or Pre-Kindergarten) refers to the first formal academic classroom-based learning environment that a child customarily attends in the United States. It begins around the age of three in order to prepare for the more didactic and academically intensive kindergarten, the traditional “first” class that school children participate in.

For age 5 -18 years : K-12

U.S. educators frequently use the terms K-12 education to refer to all primary and secondary education, from Kindergarten prior to the first year (or 1st grade) of formal schooling, through secondary graduation (12th Grade). One of the following four patterns usually prevails in the community:  

  • Elementary school (K-5), middle school (6-8), high school (9-12);
  • Elementary school (K-6), junior high school (7-9), senior high school (9-12);
  • Elementary school (K-8), high school (9-12)
  • Elementary school (K-6), and junior and high school combined (7-12)

U.S. children enter formal schooling around age 5. The first pattern (see above) is the most common one. Elementary students are typically in one classroom with the same teacher most of the day. After elementary school, students proceed to junior high school (also called middle school), where they usually move from class to class each period, with a new teacher and a new mixture of students in every class. Students can select from a wide range of academic classes and elective classes. During both Elementary and Middle School (or Junior High), children generally stay in the classroom an average of 6.5 to 7 hours. Families have the option to select before and after school programs < School-Age Child Care >, which are generally made available through the school. However, these programs are not free: the family will have to finance their cost. If the programs are in a location different from the school grounds, transportation from and to school will be provided by the school. In High School, students in their first year are called freshman, in their second year sophomore, in their third year junior, and in their last and fourth year senior. There is an even greater variety of subjects than before. Students generally stay in the classroom an average of 7.5 hours and must earn a certain number of credits (which they get for a successfully completed course) in order to graduate and be awarded with a High School Diploma – there is no final examination like in many other countries.

For higher studies:

For each course, Indian students will need to meet a minimum English language requirement. Along with that a minimum academic record of 65% and above for humanities stream in class XII, and 70 – 80% and above for Science/Commerce stream in class XII will also be required. Foundations and Diploma programs are available for students who have secured below 60%. The student should have completed 18 years of age before joining a degree program. (It is important to note that these numbers are just for reference purpose, the actual numbers may differ from university to university.)

The following documents also need to be submitted:

  • Attested copies of mark sheets of class X, XII, and the Bachelor’s degree (if applicable)
  • At least, two academic reference letters from professors who have taught you most recently. (Number of reference letters depends from university to university)
  • If you have work experience then two letters of recommendation from the employer/manager who knows you well and can comment on your professional abilities
  • Statement of Purpose (SOP)
  • Resume
  • Essays (If demanded by the university)
  • Photocopied score reports of GMAT / GRE / IELTS / TOEFL
  • Portfolio (in case of students applying for art and design courses & architecture programs)
  • Others (certificates/achievements at the state and national level and extracurricular activities)
  • Proof of funds

Sources : Studyabroad.shiksha.com , Wikipedia

Post by : Maitri Jha

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