German Education System

German Education System: A Brief Guide

German Education System is Famous throughout the world. 
The Federal Republic of Germany has the official language of German.
Lots of foreign students came every year to study at German universities. So, the number of schools in the country is more than 50,000. 
The teaching staff of these universities is fabulous. But, there are different levels of education in Germany and every student has to pass these exams. Also, it is mandatory to have primary and secondary education for all the citizens of Germany. Let’s have a sight on the structure of the German Education System.
The German Education System comprises of three sectors:

  • Elementary or Primary Sector
  • Secondary Sector
  • Tertiary Sector

1. Elementary or Primary Education in Germany

Elementary education is optional in Germany. But, children having age more than three or four years opt for Elementary Education. The children can attend nursery or kindergarten for primary education. Some of the schools are available on the weekends too. This depends on individual kindergarten schools. But, most of these organizations are government-funded. Some private kindergarten schools have higher fees. Some of these funded non-profit organizations like churches. But, fees may vary from organizations to organizations. Usually, fees depend on the services provided by the schools. Most of the government or church-run organizations have very fewer fees. Usually, private organizations usually have more fees as compared to the other.

2. Secondary Education in Germany

So, in primary education, students get a basic general education. Students became ready to absorb the academic education taught at the secondary level. The two school types in the secondary level are the “Hauptschule” and the “Realschule”.

  • Hauptschule meaning is Head School in English. The Hauptschule has the Gymnasium and is complimentary for secondary education. The Gymnasium is a nine-year preparatory school. The Hauptschule program is for students after grade 9. The student gets the certificate of completion of Hauptschule.
  • This Realschule is a six-year preparatory school. So, the course prepares students for higher business and technical or civil service. The Realschule courses are more demanding and have classes till grade 10. After completing the course students gets the certificate. This certificate gives access to a wider range of vocational programs. Through this certificate, students can access to university-preparatory upper-secondary education.

3. Tertiary Education in Germany

Higher Education is also called as Tertiary Education. Also, the German higher education compromises of three types of Higher Education Institutions.
Universities

  • These institutions offer a range of academic course which are research-based and theoretical. Mostly, in German traditional universities, they focus on research. In order to give students an advanced stage of the study. So, the courses have a theoretical orientation and research-oriented components.

Universities of Applied Sciences
These institutions cover the technical and engineering disciplines like:

  • Business-related studies, social work, and design areas. 

Universities of Art/Music
These institutions offer studies in courses like fine arts, performing arts and music. In such fields as:

  • Directing, production, writing in theatre, film
  • Media
  • Design areas like architecture, media, and communication.

Posted By, Shubham Sharma

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