Health Care Delivery System (HCDS) is the arrangement that serves best to any country’s population with effective, efficient, fair distributions of resources, and funds for organized infrastructure to thrive well. Globally, HCDS becomes a highly competitive and rapidly growing service and needs special attention from different domains. The optimal HCDS provides hope, relief to the individual, community, and population. The balanced health care system delivers the quality of care, health, and facilities through an efficient, effective, and fair manner.
Pakistan Health Care Delivery System
- Pakistan has a mixed health system that includes public, parastatal, private, civil society, philanthropic contributors, and donor agencies. In Pakistan, health care delivery to the consumers is systematized through four modes of preventive, promotive, curative, and rehabilitative services.
- The private sector attends 70% of the population through a diverse group of trained health team members to traditional faith healers. Both vertical and horizontal HCDS exists in Pakistan.
- The major strength of HCDS of Pakistan is an outreach primary health care services delivered at the community level by Lady Health Workers (LHWs), Lady Health Visitors (LHVs), and Community Midwives (CMWs) who have earned success and trust in the communities.
- In Pakistan, these LHVs, LHWs, and CMWs are attached to the government facilities, from which they receive training, and serve the community at the doorstep in order to get desired health outcomes. Furthermore, in Pakistan under article 18th amendment the health care services are the obligations of provisional government except for the federal area. The public health delivery system functions through a three-layer approach primary, secondary, and tertiary.
Goals and Expectation
- Since the time of independence, HCDS of Pakistan has undergone major reforms start its journey from National Health Policy, Primary Health Care services, TB control, and Immunization Program. Regardless of settled goal and expectations Pakistan health system showed dissatisfactory progress and failed to achieve desired outcomes .
- Furthermore, Pakistan failed to achieve goals of “Health for All” in Alma Ata Declaration and failed to attain Millennium Developmental Goals (MDGs) 2015. Currently, Pakistan is aiming to attain the Sustainable Development Goals 2025. In addition, Pakistan has also settled the National Health Vision 2016-25 to improve the health of all population particularly women and children, through universal access to affordable quality essential health services, and delivered through the resilient and responsive health system
Best Hospitals are:
- Jinnah memorial hospital
In 1970, an NGO was introduced under the name of Jamiat e Sheikh in order to establish a hospital to provide the best healthcare facilities. In 1975, the government allocated a huge piece of land in Gujranwala to help the NGO set up this hospital. Today, the hospital, known as Jinnah Memorial Hospital, is a two story building that uses modern techniques and equipment and some of the country’s most qualified doctors and paramedics to treat patients from all over Pakistan. The name was given to it after Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan.
- Shaukat Khanum Memorial Hospital
Under the tireless efforts of politician and former cricketer Imran Khan, Shaukat Khanum Memorial Hospital was established in Lahore to treat cancer patients from all over the country. It is one of the most technologically advanced cancer centers that also serves as a charitable organization for patients who cannot afford the treatment. The hospital was an inspiration for Khan after his mother, Shaukat Khanum died of cancer.
- Fatima Memorial Hospital
Fatima Memorial Hospital is a general hospital for women and children that is situated in Shadman, Lahore and is a 500-bed community. It is a care system that runs on cross-subsidization whereby money from those patients who can afford treatments goes into treating the underprivileged. It serves by providing advanced medical care facilities with qualified doctors and is also affiliated to the Fatima Jinnah Medical University.