The Turkish education system is under the supervision and control of the state, namely the Ministry of National Education. According to the Constitution of the Republic of Turkey, everyone has the right to receive an education. Education is compulsory from ages 6 to 14 and free in state schools. The country’s primary schools currently have a 98 percent participation rate.
The Turkish academic year begins in mid-September. There is also a two-week winter break in February. The academic year for the institutions ends in May or early June. There Higher Education in Turkey is very good. Universities in Turkey are ranked among the top 100 universities in the world. Here are some of the top Universities in Turkey.
1. Middle East Technical University
Middle East Technical University which is commonly referred to as METU. In Turkish, Orta Doğu Teknik Üniversitesi ODTÜ. METU is a public technical university located in Ankara, Turkey. The university puts special emphasis on research and education in engineering and natural sciences, offering about 40 undergraduate programs within 5 faculties, and 97 masters and 62 doctorate programs within 5 graduate schools. The main campus of METU spans an area of 11,100 acres (4,500 ha), comprising, in addition to academic and auxiliary facilities, a forest area of 7,500 acres (3,000 ha), and the natural lake Eymir. METU has more than 120,000 alumni worldwide. The official language of instruction at METU is English.
Over one-third of the 1,000 highest scoring students in the national university entrance examination choose to enroll in METU. Most of the departments of the university accepts the top 0.1% of the nearly 1.5 million applicants. METU had the greatest share in national research funding by the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TÜBİTAK) in the last five years, and it is the leading university in Turkey in terms of the number of European Union Framework Programme (FP) projects participation. Over 40% of METU’s undergraduate alumni choose to pursue graduate studies.
2. Boğaziçi Üniversitesi
Boğaziçi University is a major research university located on the European side of the Bosphorus strait in Istanbul, Turkey. It has four faculties and two schools offering undergraduate degrees, and six institutes offering graduate degrees. The language of instruction is English. Founded in 1863, as Robert College, it is the first American higher education institution founded outside the United States. Though under entirely Turkish administration today, the university still maintains strong ties to the American educational system.
Boğaziçi University consistently ranks highest in Turkey, having the greatest number of applicants via the YGS-LYS Turkish university entrance examinations. This allows Boğaziçi University to attract many of the highest-scoring students; as well as having the most preferred applied science, education, engineering, and social science programs in Turkey. Boğaziçi University also provides a liberal educational atmosphere and a program of extracurricular activities and sports.
3. Koç University
Founded in Istanbul, Turkey in 1993, Koç University is currently ranked 12th in the EECA region. The University was named after its founder, the entrepreneur and philanthropist Vehbi Koç. As one of Turkey’s most prestigious institutes of higher education, Koç University offers a world-class learning experience, with 22 undergraduate, 32 graduate, and 18 Ph.D. programs. The university describes its mission as “to cultivate Turkey’s most competent graduates, well-rounded adults who are internationally qualified; who can think creatively, independently and objectively; and who are confident leaders.”
Koç University currently consists of Colleges of Social Sciences and Humanities, Administrative Sciences and Economics, Science, Engineering, Law, Nursing and Medicine. It is home to around 7,000 students. The University accepts international students from various countries and has an extensive network of over 250 partner-universities including the University of California and other universities such as Northwestern University, Cornell University, and Georgetown University.
4. Bilkent University
The University was ranked 14th in the 2019 EECA rankings, Bilkent University’s name is an acronym of “bilim kenti”, which is Turkish for “city of learning and science”. Bilkent University was Turkey’s first private non-profit institution, founded in 1984 by Turkish academician İhsan Doğramacı, and boasts the most extensive academic library in the country. It’s one of the nation’s leading research-intensive universities, and currently has about 13,000 students enrolled in nine faculties and two four-year professional schools – many of which are international students from outside Turkey.
The name Bilkent is an abbreviation of bilim kenti: Turkish for “city of science”. It is constantly ranked among the top Turkish universities since its establishment. The University is ranked 112th university in the world by THE World University Rankings.
5. Sabanci University
Sabancı University (Turkish: Sabancı Üniversitesi), established in 1994, is a young foundation university located on a 1.26 million square-meter campus which is about 40 km from Istanbul’s city center. Its first students matriculated in 1999. The first academic session started on October 20, 1999. It is another young university, having commenced teaching in the autumn of 1999, and currently has around 4,000 students. Within Sabanci University’s Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences (FENS), as well as the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (FASS), it offers its students a broad range of disciplines at both undergraduate and postgraduate levels. Some 42 percent of its undergraduates receive scholarships.
Posted By, Shubham Sharma