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Schooling & Education In United States Of America

The United States of America is very populated. It has a total of 50 states. The USA is also a better and best country to work, as it has some of the most reputable companies in the world. If someone is going to get settled in the USA, they must think about the education of their children.

The Literacy rate in the United States of America is approximately 99 per cent. Due to a law that assembles its citizens to have the necessary primary education.
There are both private and public schooling in the United States Of America. In the United States of America, education for a student is compulsory. Although this does not apply for pre-schools and the delineate varies from state to state.


Education System In United States of America

The Education System in the US falls into a different category. To help students to learn and explore new things in a fast manner. The American education system provides a rich field of alternatives for global students. There are such an array of schools, programs that impress the students. Let’s discuss their different categories and types.

The American school system

  • Children start going to school at age 5 or 6 and complete at age 17 or 18. 
  • A student has to repeat a class because of prolonged leave or poor performance, although this is rare.
  • There are a total of 12 years of schooling. 
  • Elementary (primary) school has Grades 1 to 5.
  • Junior high or middle school compromises of grades 6 to 8. 
  • The high school has Grades 9 to 12. 

K–12 Education

For all children in the United States, education is mandatory. The age range for school attendance varies from state to state. In some states, students can leave school with parental permission between the ages of 14–17. However, other students need to remain in school until age 18. Public education is free usually runs from kindergarten to grade 12 (K–12). 

Most parents send their children either to a public or to a private institution. One-tenth of the students enrolled in private schools according to government statistics. Approximately 85 per cent of students attend public schools. 

As they are tax-subsidized, tax burdens differ from region to region. School districts are separate from other local authorities, with administrators and budgets distinct.

In often there are mandatory tests for K–12 public school systems. Usually through a board of trustees, state colleges, and universities.

Private schools are generally free to determine their curriculum. Available through independent regional accreditation authorities, although some state regulation can apply. 

  1. Annual Budget (2016-2017): $1.3 trillion (7.2% of GDP) (public and private, all levels)
  2. Literacy rate male and female: 100%
  3. Attainment (secondary and post-diploma): 91% and 46%
  4. Primary Language: English

Pre to Primary School

The education of the child in the USA usually carries on from the age of 5 to 6 years. The pre-school is known as Kindergarten schools.
And these schools are not much compulsory. Private organizations run the majority of these schools. And the various childcare organizations also run.

Primary education for the students generally starts at the age of 6 to 7 years. This stage is also known as Elementary School. And in many areas provided free of cost by the government. The Elementary school starts or begins from the first grade to the fifth grade.


Secondary School

Secondary school also belongs to Middle School or Junior High school. Middle High School usually begins from the age of eleven to twelve years and lasts for three years. Middle School starts from the sixth grade to the eighth grade. This type of Secondary School education is also free of charge in the United States.

High School or Senior High School

High School is the most necessary part of education. It decides phase for a student to choose the career they want. The high school usually starts at the age of fourteen or fifteen years and ends in around eighteen years. High schools allow students to choose their core subjects.

The senior high school here often belongs to graduation or college. This stage makes students study, their respective subjects in colleges or universities. And can also lead to masters.

School hours and terms

  • The school starts in September and runs until May or June (nine months).
  • Most of the schools use the two-semester system. September to December and spring January to May.
  • Some schools follow the quarter system. It comprises three sessions. September to December, January to March and March to May or June.

The school day in elementary and high schools completed between 8 am to 3 pm. In high school, students take most of the 90-minute classes.

Health

At the time of admission, your child should be free from a range of diseases. 

The range of diseases includes :

  • Polio. 
  • DTP (diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis or whooping cough).
  • MMR (measles, mumps, and rubella or German measles). 

The children must be well before starting school. The evidence of the appropriate inoculations should be in English. It should include exact dates and should submit in the school at the time admission. 

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