Healthcare System in Afghanistan.

Years of civil war have destroyed the health-care system and unlike other countries, diseases such as diarrhea and respiratory infections have risen in Afghanistan. According to The World Bank, about one out of ten children will die before they reach the age of five. Also, there are about 396 deaths per 100,000 births-well above the world average of 216 in 2015. So let’s discuss little of the Healthcare System in Afghanistan.

Healthcare System:

Roughly 30,000 people have found shelter in Kandahar so far, However, some has learned that equipped hospitals in the provinces are struggling to cope with the sudden influx. Yet, estimated that as many as 29,000 people visit Mirwais every month, patients have said the facility can not provide simple therapy. There are a few surgeons, who are reluctant to treat patients because there are many sick people. Four patients lie on one single bed. Eating, providing medication, or taking care of the patients is very difficult.

However, the more obvious issues that continue to impact the capacity of the Transitional Administration of Afghanistan to bring about rapid changes in its population’s health status are

  •  an inadequate, even missing, infrastructure; 
  • a health system that is top-heavy with doctors who are not qualified to deal with priorities, community-level issues and who lack publicity;
  •  A shortage of practical, usable and unorganized management decision-making information systems

The Basic Health Services Program, currently implemented by the

  • Ministry of Public Health (MoPH) and its advisors, consists of seven main elements:
  •  Maternal and neonatal safety
  •  Child safety and immunization
  •  Safe education
  •  Communicable disease prevention
  •  Mental wellbeing
  •  Disabilities
  •  Important medication.

The Basic Health Care Program

In conclusion, the proposed Basic Health Services Package contains:4

  •  Maternal and Infant Health

— Antenatal care

— Postpartum care —

Family planning — Prenatal care

  • Child health and immunization

— Extended Immunization System (EPI) programs (routine and outreach) — Integrated Childhood Management

  •  Disability

— Physiotherapy incorporated into public health care (PHC) programs —

  • Orthopedic programs extended to hospital patients

HIGHLIGHTS:

  •  Performance-based partnership with the Ministry of Public Health has improved the coverage and quality of healthcare in Kandahar province.
  • However, non-governmental organizations are also paid to provide critical healthcare and medical facilities. At this time, this is under the Transformative Health Action System Enhancement (SEHAT) program.
  • Importantly, clinical workers must be educated, have access to peer-learning, and share best practices.

Reconstruction

The health system in Afghanistan after 25 years of war has left the health system in bits. However, the Ministry of Health was given a request for ex-pat doctors to provide the best healthcare. But, despite an enthusiastic response from afghans abroad, the program is being hurt by finances. So, this all about Healthcare System in Afghanistan.

SOURCE: https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2016/08/afghanistan-health-care-system-struggles-rebound-160810104017464.html

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