The means of transportation system in South Sudan consists of four modes i.e road, rail, river, and air transport the largest being road transport. South Sudan’s main ingress from the sea is through Mombasa in Kenya, which reckon for most of the traffic, Port Sudan.
Multimodal transport is also feasible, and it involves serving better road transport from Juba to Kampala or Eldoret and rail transport to Mombasa. South Sudan is connected to Port Sudan by road, rail and multimodal
The Ministry of Transport and Road was responsible for transport services and infrastructure in the country. The MTR was bsically divided into the six directorates: Directorate of Roads and Bridges (DRB); Directorate of Road Transport and Safety; transportation in railways; of River Transport; of Air Transport; and of Administration and Finance.
Air transport infrastructure.
- Air Transport infrastructure is made of an international airport in Juba, a domestic airport in each state capital of the other nine states and around 300 airstrips.
- These airstrips emerged during the civil strife to provide military logistics bases. And served later on, as hubs for humanitarian relief supplies by international relief agencies and NGOs.
- Only Juba and three domestic airports (Rumbek, Wau and Malakal) are manned. Malakal and Wau receive occasional international flights.
- Juba and Malakal are the only airports with paved runway, measuring 2,400 and 2,000 meters long respectively.
- The concrete runways are in fair condition. Existing airport facilities, are inadequate and lack proper maintenance.
Railways transport infrastructure.
- In (2013-2017), the Sudan Railway Corporation proposed to restore a number of key lines, including the Khartoum-Port Sudan line, and to link more Sudanese regions by railway lines.
- Considerable investments are wanting for the recovery of the existing railway infrastructure. And in particular for carrying out the proposal to move from narrow gauge track to another wide gauge track.
Road transport infrastructure.
The road transportation system are the responsibility of the federal, state and local governments
The use of road transport and bus services is expected to increase in tandem.The Ministry of Transport is aiming at the improvement of connection between Sudan’s road network with neighbouring countries. A case in point being the Western Salvation Road linking up with Chad, and another being a road to the Central African Republic.
River transport infrastructure.
- River transport on the Nile is another means of moving around Sudan. And is expected to increase and play a important role in the movement of goods and services.
- The River Nile traverses Sudan from south to north, is a gift of transportation route.
- Although traffic has been limited for some years due to physical obstacles. And also due to the effects of years of conflicts
- Commercial transport services are now set to resume between the southern parts of Sudan – Juba
- To enhance the efficiency of the transportation system, the River Transport Corporation (RTC) was recently privatised.
- This is all about The Means Of Transportation System in South Sudan.